Scientific Contributions

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The entries below are Canadian EMS or paramedicine research

At least one author is Canadian or writing about the Canada context

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CPR Induced Consciousness During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Case Report on an Emerging Phenomenon.

Pound J, Verbeek PR, Cheskes S.

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Unchanged pediatric out-of-hospital cardiac arrest incidence and survival rates with regional variation in North America.

Fink EL, Prince DK, Kaltman JR, Atkins DL, Austin M, Warden C, Hutchison J, Daya M, Goldberg S, Herren H, Tijssen JA, Christenson J, Vaillancourt C, Miller R, Schmicker RH, Callaway CW; Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium

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Frequency, Composition, and Predictors of In-Transit Critical Events During Pediatric Critical Care Transport.

Singh JM, Gunz AC, Dhanani S, Aghari M, MacDonald RD.

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Hazard perception in emergency medical service responders.

Johnston KA, Scialfa CT.

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Prehospital Nitroglycerin in Tachycardic Chest Pain Patients: A Risk for Hypotension or Not?

Marie-Hélène Proulx , PCP, MSc, Luc de Montigny , PhD, Dave Ross , MD, Charlene Vacon , AEMT-CC, PhD, Louis Enock Juste , MA & Eli Segal , MD, FRCP, CSPQ, FACEP

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Reformulations of practice: beyond experience in paramedic airway management

Justin Mausz, Seanan Donovan, Meghan McConnell, Corey Lapalme, Andrea Webb, Elizabeth Feres and Walter Tavares

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Informing a Canadian paramedic profile: framing concepts, roles and crosscutting themes

Walter Tavares, Ron Bowles, Becky Donelon

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Factors associated with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest with pulseless electric activity: A population-based study.

Ko DT, Qiu F, Koh M, Dorian P3, Cheskes S, Austin PC, Scales DC, Wijeysundera HC, Verbeek PR, Drennan I, Ng T, Tu JV, Morrison LJ

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Amiodarone, Lidocaine, or Placebo in Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Kudenchuk PJ, Brown SP, Daya M, Rea T, Nichol G, Morrison LJ, Leroux B, Vaillancourt C, Wittwer L, Callaway CW, Christenson J, Egan D, Ornato JP, Weisfeldt ML, Stiell IG, Idris AH, Aufderheide TP, Dunford JV, Colella MR, Vilke GM, Brienza AM, Desvigne-Nic

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What is new in the 2015 American Heart Association guidelines, what is recycled from 2010, and what is relevant for emergency medicine in Canada.

Morrison LJ, de Caen A, Bhanji F, Bigham BL, Blanchard IE, Brooks SC, et al.

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A physical demands description of paramedic work in Canada

Brendan Coffey, Renee MacPhee, Doug Socha, Stephen L. Fischer

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A Geospatial Analysis of Severe Firearm Injuries Compared to Other Injury Mechanisms: Event Characteristics, Location, Timing, and Outcomes.

Newgard CD, Sanchez BJ, Bulger EM, Brasel KJ, Byers A, Buick JE, Sheehan KL, Guyette FX, King RV, Mena-Munoz J, Minei JP, Schmicker RH; ROC Investigators.

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Double Sequential External Defibrillation and Survival from Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Case Report.

Johnston M, Cheskes S, Ross G, Verbeek PR

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Reply to 'Concerns about 2015 ERC Guidelines on pre-hospital use of ADP-receptor antagonists in patients with STEMI (ACS 335)'.

Woolfrey KG, Nikolaou NI, Welsford M.

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Relationship between Time-to-ROSC and Survival in Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest ECPR Candidates: When is the Best Time to Consider Transport to Hospital?

Grunau B, Reynolds J, Scheuermeyer F, Stenstom R, Stub D, Pennington S, Cheskes S, Ramanathan K, Christenson J.

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Potential Candidates for a Structured Canadian ECPR Program for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest.

Grunau B, Scheuermeyer FX, Stub D, Boone RH, Finkler J, Pennington S, Carriere SA, Cheung A, MacRedmond R, Bashir J, Christenson J.

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Effect of gender on outcome of out of hospital cardiac arrest in the Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium.

Morrison LJ, Schmicker RH, Weisfeldt ML, Bigham BL, Berg RA, Topjian AA, Abramson BL, Atkins DL, Egan D, Sopko G, Rac VE; Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators

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Prehospital management and identification of sepsis by emergency medical services: a systematic review

Lane D, Ichelson RI, Drennan IR, Scales DC

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A Survey to Determine Decision-Making Styles of Working Paramedics and Student Paramedics.

Jensen JL, Bienkowski A, Travers AH, Calder LA, Walker M, Tavares W, Croskerry P.

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On the Assessment of Paramedic Competence: A Narrative Review with Practice Implications

Tavares W, Boet S.

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Inappropriate Ambulance Use: A Qualitative Study of Paramedics' Views.

Dejean D, Giacomini M, Welsford M, Schwartz L, Decicca P.

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Regional incidence and outcome of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest associated with overdose.

David D. Salcidoa, Torres C, Koller AC, Orkin AM, Schmicker RH, Morrison LJ, Nichol G, Stephens S, Menegazzi JJ; Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators.

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Out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in high-rise buildings: delays to patient care and effect on survival.

Drennan IR, Strum RP, Byers A, Buick JE, Lin S, Cheskes S, Hu S, Morrison LJ; Rescu Investigators.

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Facilitators and barriers to application of the Canadian C-spine rule by emergency department triage nurses.

Clement CM, Stiell IG, Lowe MA, Brehaut JC, Calder LA, Vaillancourt C, Perry JJ.

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Impact of a Novel Collaborative Long-Term Care-EMS Model: A Before-and-After Cohort Analysis of an Extended Care Paramedic Program

Jensen JL, Marshall EG, Carter AJ, Boudreau M, Burge F, Travers AH.

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Methods of a multi-faceted rapid knowledge synthesis project to inform the implementation of a new health service model: Collaborative Emergency Centres

Hayden JA, Killian L, Zygmunt A, Babineau J, Martin-Misener R, Jensen JL, Carter AJ

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Selecting and Simplifying: Rater Performance and Behavior When Considering Multiple Competencies

Tavares W, Ginsburg S, Eva KW

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Collaboration, not stagnation, defines Ontario EMS.

Bigham B, Welsford M, Verbeek PR.

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The Role of Emergency Medical Services in Geriatrics: Bridging the Gap between Primary and Acute Care.

Goldstein J, McVey J, Ackroyd-Stolarz S.

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Association of advanced airway device with chest compression fraction during out-of-hospital cardiopulmonary arrest.

Kurz MC, Prince DK, Christenson J, Carlson J, Stub D, Cheskes S, Lin S, Aziz M, Austin M, Vaillancourt C, Colvin J, Wang HE; ROC Investigators.

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Prehospital Nitroglycerin Safety in Inferior ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction.

Robichaud L, Ross D, Proulx MH, Légaré S, Vacon C, Xue X, Segal E.

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Development of a community health and wellness pilot in a subsidised seniors' apartment building in Hamilton, Ontario: Community Health Awareness Program delivered by Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS)

Gina Agarwal1*, Ricardo N Angeles1, Beatrice McDonough2, Brent McLeod3, Francine Marzanek1, Melissa Pirrie1 and Lisa Dolovich1,4

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Trial of Continuous or Interrupted Chest Compressions during CPR

Nichol G, Leroux B, Wang H, Callaway CW, Sopko G, Weisfeldt M, Stiell I, Morrison LJ, Aufderheide TP, Cheskes S, Christenson J, Kudenchuk P, Vaillancourt C, Rea TD, Idris AH, Colella R, Isaacs M, Straight R, Stephens S, Richardson J, Condle J, Schmicker R

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Chest compression fraction: A time dependent variable of survival in shockable out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Cheskes S, Schmicker RH, Rea T, Powell J, Drennan IR, Kudenchuk P, Vaillancourt C, Conway W, Stiell I, Stub D, Davis D, Alexander N, Christenson J; Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium investigators.

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Hands-on defibrillation and electrocardiogram artefact filtering technology increases chest compression fraction and decreases peri-shock pause duration in a simulation model of cardiac arrest.

Fernando SM, Cheskes S, Howes D.

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Knowledge to Practice: Effect of the use of ambulance-based thrombolysis on time to thrombolysis in acute ischemic stroke: a randomized clinical trial.

Mohammad Fakhraldeen, Eli Segal and François de Champlain

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Part 10: Special Circumstances of Resuscitation: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

Lavonas EJ, Drennan IR, Gabrielli A, Heffner AC, Hoyte CO, Orkin AM, Sawyer KN, Donnino MW.

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Part 9: Acute Coronary Syndromes: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

O'Connor RE, Al Ali AS, Brady WJ, Ghaemmaghami CA, Menon V, Welsford M, Shuster M.

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Part 4: Systems of Care and Continuous Quality Improvement: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

Kronick SL, Kurz MC, Lin S, Edelson DP, Berg RA, Billi JE, Cabanas JG, Cone DC, Diercks DB, Foster JJ, Meeks RA, Travers AH, Welsford M.

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Part 6: Alternative Techniques and Ancillary Devices for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

Brooks SC, Anderson ML, Bruder E, Daya MR, Gaffney A, Otto CW, Singer AJ, Thiagarajan RR, Travers AH.

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Part 5: Adult Basic Life Support and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Quality: 2015 American Heart Association Guidelines Update for Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care.

Kleinman ME, Brennan EE, Goldberger ZD, Swor RA, Terry M, Bobrow BJ, Gazmuri RJ, Travers AH, Rea T.

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Offload zones to mitigate emergency medical services (EMS) offload delay in the emergency department: a process map and hazard analysis

Carter AJ, Gould JB, Vanberkel P, Jensen JL, Cook J, Carrigan S, Wheatley MR, Travers AH

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Part 15: First Aid: 2015 American Heart Association and American Red Cross Guidelines Update for First Aid

Singletary EM, Charlton NP, Epstein JL, Ferguson JD, Jensen JL, MacPherson AI, Pellegrino JL, Smith WW, Swain JM, Lojero-Wheatley LF, Zideman DA

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A Culture in Transition: Paramedic Experiences with Community Referral Programs.

Brydges M, Spearen C, Birze A, Tavares W.

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Cardiac Arrest and Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Outcome Reports: Update of the Utstein Resuscitation Registry Templates for Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From a Task Force of the International Liaison Committee

Perkins GD, Jacobs IG, Nadkarni VM, Berg RA, Bhanji F, Biarent D, Bossaert LL, Brett SJ, Chamberlain D, de Caen AR, Deakin CD, Finn JC, Gräsner JT, Hazinski MF, Iwami T, Koster RW, Lim SH, Ma MH, McNally BF, Morley PT, Morrison LJ, Monsieurs KG, Montgomer

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Association of prior β-blocker use and the outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Czarnecki A, Morrison LJ, Qiu F, Cheskes S, Koh M, Wijeysundera HC, Verbeek PR, Austin PC, Dorian P, Scales DC, Tu JV, Ko DT.

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A Novel Approach to Improve Time to First Shock in Prehospital STEMI Complicated by Ventricular Fibrillation.

Osei-Ampofo M, Cheskes S, Byers A, Drennan IR, Buick JE, Verbeek PR.

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Practising what we preach: using cognitive load theory for workshop design and evaluation.

Naismith LM, Haji FA, Sibbald M, Cheung JJ, Tavares W, Cavalcanti RB

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Part 5: Acute Coronary Syndromes: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations.

Welsford M, Nikolaou NI, Beygui F, Bossaert L, Ghaemmaghami C, Nonogi H, O'Connor RE, Pichel DR, Scott T, Walters DL, Woolfrey KG; Acute Coronary Syndrome Chapter Collaborators.

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Part 1: Executive Summary: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations.

Hazinski MF, Nolan JP, Aickin R, Bhanji F, Billi JE, Callaway CW, Castren M, de Caen AR, Ferrer JM, Finn JC, Gent LM, Griffin RE, Iverson S, Lang E, Lim SH, Maconochie IK, Montgomery WH, Morley PT, Nadkarni VM, Neumar RW, Nikolaou NI, Perkins GD, Perlman

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Part 3: Adult Basic Life Support and Automated External Defibrillation: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science With Treatment Recommendations.

Travers AH, Perkins GD, Berg RA, Castren M, Considine J, Escalante R, Gazmuri RJ, Koster RW, Lim SH, Nation KJ, Olasveengen TM, Sakamoto T, Sayre MR, Sierra A, Smyth MA, Stanton D, Vaillancourt C; Basic Life Support Chapter Collaborators.

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Part 9: First Aid: 2015 International Consensus on First Aid Science With Treatment Recommendations

Singletary EM, Zideman DA, De Buck ED, Chang WT, Jensen JL, Swain JM, Woodin JA, Blanchard IE, Herrington RA, Pellegrino JL, Hood NA, Lojero-Wheatley LF, Markenson DS, Yang HJ; First Aid Chapter Collaborators

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Part 5: Acute coronary syndromes: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations.

Part 5: Acute coronary syndromes: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations.

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Part 1: Executive summary: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations.

Nolan JP, Hazinski MF, Aickin R, Bhanji F, Billi JE, Callaway CW, Castren M, de Caen AR, Ferrer JM, Finn JC, Gent LM, Griffin RE, Iverson S, Lang E, Lim SH, Maconochie IK, Montgomery WH, Morley PT, Nadkarni VM, Neumar RW, Nikolaou NI, Perkins GD, Perlman

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Part 3: Adult basic life support and automated external defibrillation: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations.

Perkins GD, Travers AH, Berg RA, Castren M, Considine J, Escalante R, Gazmuri RJ, Koster RW, Lim SH, Nation KJ, Olasveengen TM, Sakamoto T, Sayre MR, Sierra A, Smyth MA, Stanton D, Vaillancourt C; Basic Life Support Chapter Collaborators.

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Part 2: Evidence evaluation and management of conflicts of interest: 2015 International Consensus on Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Emergency Cardiovascular Care Science with Treatment Recommendations.

Morley PT, Lang E, Aickin R, Billi JE, Eigel B, Ferrer JM, Finn JC, Gent LM, Griffin RE, Hazinski MF, Maconochie IK, Montgomery WH, Morrison LJ, Nadkarni VM, Nikolaou NI, Nolan JP, Perkins GD, Sayre MR, Travers AH, Wyllie J, Zideman DA.

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Outcomes and characteristics of non-immobilised, spine-injured trauma patients: a systematic review of prehospital selective immobilisation protocols.

McDonald NE, Curran-Sills G, Thomas RE

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Alternatives to Traditional EMS Dispatch and Transport: A Scoping Review of Reported Outcomes

Jensen JL, Carter AJ, Rose J, Visintini S, Bourdon E, Brown R, McVey J, Travers AH

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The Epidemiology of Prehospital Emergency Responses for Older Adults in a Provincial EMS System

Goldstein J, Jensen JL, Carter AJ, Travers AH, Rockwood K.

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The Canadian National EMS Research Agenda: Impact and Feasibility of Implementation of Previously Generated Recommendations

Jensen JL, Blanchard IE, Bigham BL, Carter A, Brown R, Socha D, Brown LH, Travers AH, Craig AM, Morrison LJ

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The impact of prehospital resuscitation research on in-hospital care.

Mausz J, Cheskes S.

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CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: "How to make research succeed in your department: Promoting excellence in Canadian emergency medicine resident research".

Calder LA, Abu-Laban RB, Artz JD, McLeod S, Blackie B, Das B, Woods R, Perry JJ, Vaillancourt C, Stiell IG, Frank JR.

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Assessment of competency during orotracheal intubation in medical simulation.

Garcia J, Coste A, Tavares W, Nuño N, Lachapelle K.

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Outcomes After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest Treated by Basic vs Advanced Life Support

Drennan IR, Buick JE, Cheskes S.

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A quantitative analysis of out-of-hospital pediatric and adolescent resuscitation quality--A report from the ROC epistry-cardiac arrest.

Sutton RM, Case E, Brown SP, Atkins DL, Nadkarni VM, Kaltman J, Callaway C, Idris A, Nichol G, Hutchison J, Drennan IR, Austin M, Daya M, Cheskes S, Nuttall J, Herren H, Christenson J, Andrusiek D, Vaillancourt C, Menegazzi JJ, Rea TD, Berg RA; ROC Invest

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Post-discharge outcomes after resuscitation from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest: A ROC PRIMED substudy.

Nichol G, Guffey D, Stiell IG, Leroux B, Cheskes S, Idris A, Kudenchuk PJ, Macphee RS, Wittwer L, Rittenberger JC, Rea TD, Sheehan K, Rac VE, Raina K, Gorman K, Aufderheide T; Resuscitation Outcomes Consortium Investigators.

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A prehospital treat-and-release protocol for supraventricular tachycardia

Minhas R, Vogelaar G, Wang D, Almansoori W, Lang E, Blanchard IE, Lazarenko G, McRae A.

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The Role of EMS in Regionalized Systems of Care.

Drennan IR, Verbeek PR.

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CAEP 2014 Academic symposium: "How to make research succeed in your department: How to fund your research program".

Vaillancourt C, Rowe BH, Artz JD, Green R, Émond M, Thiruganasambandamoorthy V, Innes G, Perry JJ, Calder LA, Stiell IG.

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Rationale and methods of a multicentre randomised controlled trial of the effectiveness of a Community Health Assessment Programme with Emergency Medical Services (CHAP-EMS) implemented on residents aged 55 years and older in subsidised seniors' housing b

Gina Agarwal,1 Beatrice McDonough,1,2 Ricardo Angeles,1 Melissa Pirrie,1 Francine Marzanek,1 Brent McLeod,3 Lisa Dolovich1,4

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Impact of crisis resource management simulation-based training for interprofessional and interdisciplinary teams: A systematic review.

Fung L, Boet S, Bould MD, Qosa H, Perrier L, Tricco A, Tavares W, Reeves S.

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Introducing the CJEM emergency medical services (EMS) series

Carter AJ, Welsford M

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The association between manual mode defibrillation, pre-shock pause duration and appropriate shock delivery when employed by basic life support paramedics during out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Cheskes S, Hillier M, Byers A, Verbeek PR, Drennan IR, Zhan C, Morrison LJ.

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Applying hospital evidence to paramedicine: issues of indirectness, validity and knowledge translation.

Bigham B, Welsford M.

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Cardiac arrest diagnostic accuracy of 9-1-1 dispatchers: a prospective multi-center study.

Vaillancourt C, Charette M, Kasaboski A, Hoad M, Larocque V, Crête D, Logan S, Lamoureux P, McBride J, Cheskes S, Wells GA, Stiell IG.

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Executive summary of the CAEP 2014 Academic Symposium: How to make research succeed in your department.

Stiell IG, Artz JD, Perry J, Vaillancourt C, Calder L.

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Prehospital Identification of Underlying Coronary Artery Disease by Community Paramedics

Heinelt M, Drennan IR, Kim J, Lucas S, Grant K, Spearen C, Tavares W, Al-Imari L, Philpott J, Hoogeveen P, Morrison LJ.

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Sustainable emergency medical service systems: how much energy do we need?

Brown LH, Blanchard IE

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Understanding traumatic shock: out-of-hospital hypotension with and without other physiologic compromise.

Newgard CD, Meier EN, McKnight B, Drennan IR, Richardson D, Brasel K, Schreiber M, Kerby JD, Kannas D, Austin M, Bulger EM; ROC Investigators.

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Providing optimal regional care for ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction: a prospective cohort study of patients in the Hamilton Niagara Haldimand Brant Local Health Integration Network.

Mercuri M, Welsford M, Schwalm JD, Mehta SR, Rao-Melacini P; Nicholas Valettas MD MASc, Sheth T, Rokoss M, Jolly SS, Velianou JL, Natarajan MK.

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Cervical Spine Motion during Transfer and Stabilization Techniques.

Shrier I, Boissy P, Lebel K, Boulay J, Segal E, Delaney JS, Vacon LC, Steele RJ.

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Expanding Paramedicine in the Community (EPIC): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

Drennan IR, Dainty KN, Hoogeveen P, Atzema CL, Barrette N, Hawker G, Hoch JS, Isaranuwatchai W, Philpott J, Spearen C, Tavares W, Turner L, Farrell M, Filosa T, Kane J, Kiss A, Morrison LJ.

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Impact of rating demands on rater-based assessments of clinical competence.

Tavares W, Eva KW

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Comparison of outcomes of ambulance users and nonusers in ST elevation myocardial infarction.

Boothroyd LJ, Lambert LJ, Segal E, Ross D, Kouz S, Maire S, Harvey R, Xiao Y, Brown KA, Nasmith J, Bogaty P

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Impact of ECG findings and process-of-care characteristics on the likelihood of not receiving reperfusion therapy in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: results of a field evaluation.

Brown KA, Lambert LJ, Brophy JM, Nasmith J, Rinfret S, Segal E, Kouz S, Ross D, Harvey R, Maire S, Boothroyd LJ, Bogaty P.

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Systematic review and meta-analysis of the benefits of out-of-hospital 12-lead ECG and advance notification in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction patients.

Nam J, Caners K, Bowen JM, Welsford M, O'Reilly D.

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Paramedic self-reported exposure to violence in the emergency medical services (EMS) workplace: a mixed-methods cross-sectional survey.

Bigham BL, Jensen JL, Tavares W, Drennan IR, Saleem H, Dainty KN, Munro G.

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Insights into the implementation and operation of a novel paramedic long-term care program.

Jensen JL, Travers AH, Marshall EG, Cain E, Leadlay S, Carter AJ.

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Developing a Canadian emergency medical services research agenda: a baseline study of stakeholder opinions.

Dainty KN, Jensen JL, Bigham BL, Blanchard IE, Brown LH, Carter AJ, Socha D, Morrison LJ.